How Closed/Narrow-Mindedness Can Hinder Growth and Harm You


In our journey through life, our ability to learn and grow often rely on one crucial trait: openness. Being open to new ideas, perspectives, and experiences is not just a virtue but a gateway to personal development and understanding. On the other hand, closed/narrow mindedness, fueled by biases and rigid beliefs, can severely restrict our potential and harm us in ways we might not even realize.


Imagine your mind as a garden. An open mind is like fertile soil, ready to nurture new seeds of thought and insight. It welcomes different viewpoints and information, allowing them to take root and flourish. This openness is what enables us to adapt, learn from our mistakes, and embrace change. It’s a mindset that says, “I may not have all the answers, but I’m willing to explore and grow.”

On the other hand, closed/narrow-mindedness is like soil that’s hardened and resistant. When we cling stubbornly to our own opinions and reject anything that challenges them, we stunt our intellectual and emotional growth. This narrow perspective can lead to missed opportunities for learning and personal growth. It closes us off from valuable experiences and insights that could broaden our understanding of the world.

Biases play a significant role in keeping our minds closed. These biases, often unconscious and subconscious, stem from our upbringing, culture, and personal experiences. They color our perceptions and judgments, influencing how we interpret information and interact with others. For instance, confirmation bias causes us to seek out information that supports our existing beliefs, while ignoring or dismissing contrary evidence.

Consider how biases impact everyday decisions. Whether it’s forming opinions about people based on stereotypes or rejecting new ideas because they challenge our comfort zones, biases shape our reality in ways that can be limiting and harmful. They create barriers to empathy and understanding, preventing us from fully engaging with diverse perspectives and learning from different viewpoints.

Moreover, some people who are narrow-minded are often biased against those offering beneficial opportunities simply because they do things differently. They dismiss these opportunities without even examining them on a basic level. By rejecting these offers out of hand, they close doors to potentially great opportunities that could benefit them without any initial loss. If they were to objectively and logically consider these offers, they might find ways to enhance their lives or work in ways they hadn’t considered before.

This knee-jerk dismissal not only deprives them of potential benefits but also reinforces their own limited worldview. It perpetuates a cycle where innovation and growth are stifled, and meaningful connections are missed. Being open-minded doesn’t mean blindly accepting every idea, but rather, it involves a willingness to critically evaluate new information and perspectives with fairness and open-mindedness.

In everyday life, being closed/narrow-minded can also manifest in many concrete problems. For example, in workplaces, rigid adherence to outdated practices can hinder productivity and innovation. In personal relationships, refusing to consider differing viewpoints can lead to misunderstandings and conflict. In educational settings, rejecting unfamiliar subjects or methodologies can limit educational growth and future opportunities. In the marketplace, brushing off services from businesses without really checking them out (as a knee jerk reaction), just because they appear (harmlessly) different and novel, can mean missing out on way better services, with better value and cheaper options. Being hesitant to try new things can kill your convenience, savings, and overall progress.

Overcoming closed-mindedness and biases requires conscious effort and a willingness to challenge ourselves. It means actively seeking out information that challenges our beliefs, engaging in respectful dialogue with those who hold different views, and being open to revising our opinions in light of new evidence. This process isn’t always easy — it requires humility and a readiness to admit when we might be wrong.


Ultimately, cultivating openness to learning is not just about intellectual curiosity; it’s about personal growth and resilience. It’s about embracing the richness of human diversity and recognizing that every encounter, whether with ideas or people, is an opportunity to learn something new. By fostering an open mind and addressing our biases, we not only enrich our own lives but contribute to a more inclusive and understanding social environment, locally and at large.

*Video by Dr K, a Harvard trained psychiatrist, MD/MPH, with extensive experience in psychology.


The journey to growth starts with being open—ready to learn, unlearn, and relearn. There’s absolutely no harm in at least examining new/alternative view/things at the beginning – So don’t be so quick to dismiss them (as a knee jerk reaction) just like that! Consider them, and think about it. By overcoming closed-mindedness and biases, we can handle life’s challenges with more wisdom and kindness. Let’s treat our minds like gardens, taking care of them with openness so they keep growing and producing the benefits of lifelong learning.

“But old systems and things are working, so there’s no need to even consider new/other views.. so why do I need to open my mind to new/other views?”

This is why it’s still important to be open minded and receptive to new ideas even though it may appear that old systems are working: –

We all know someone who says, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.” But what if it’s not just about fixing — it’s about improving? Closed/narrow-mindedness often comes from fear of change or a belief that what’s familiar must be best. This fear stops us from trying new ideas that could actually make things better.

Not seeing past biases; Why old systems might be holding you back:
It’s easy to fall into the trap of thinking that if something’s been working for you, there’s no need to change. Because what if that seemingly successful old system is actually hindering your progress more than you realize?

The Illusion of Success;
Short-Term Gains vs. Long-Term Impact;
Think about someone using an old smartphone. It can still make calls, send texts and do stuff.. but it’s slow, apps crash often, and the battery drains quickly. Despite these issues, the phone still works — so why get a new one? The reality is, while the old phone might be functional, it’s probably wasting time, causing frustration, and preventing the user from taking advantage of newer, more efficient technology that could make daily tasks easier and more enjoyable.

Biases at Play;
Our brains love familiarity and fear the unknown. We’re wired to stick with what we know because it feels safe and comfortable. This cognitive bias makes us skeptical of new ideas that challenge our established routines — even when those ideas could clearly improve our outcomes.

Introducing a new system often means stepping into the unknown, facing potential failures, learning curves, and initial disruptions. This fear frequently makes us stick with what’s familiar, even if it’s not the best option. It’s like choosing to drive an old car because you’re afraid of learning the new technology in a modern vehicle, even though it’s safer and more efficient. Sometimes, we just need to take that leap of faith to try something new to improve our lives. Yet, some people are so hesitant and resistant to change or even consider new things, even when there’s virtually no risk and all logic indicates a better outcome – they still refuse to try just because it’s different.

Knee-jerk Reactions;
When confronted with a new idea, our immediate reaction is often to shut it down. This knee-jerk response is rooted in subconscious biases against change. We dismiss new approaches simply because they’re different, without fully evaluating their potential benefits. What’s worse, is to immediately dismiss something new right at the beginning, without even looking at it.

Seeing the bigger picture, overcoming biases;
To break free from the grip of outdated systems, it’s essential to challenge our biases and be more open-minded. Instead of dismissing new ideas outright, take the time to evaluate them objectively. There’s absolutely no harm in at least examining them and thinking about it. Consider the long-term benefits and potential improvements they could bring, even if they require initial adjustments. By exploring alternatives and embracing change, you open doors to greater efficiency, new things, and better success. It’s about moving beyond what’s feels “normal” and towards what’s even more effective, if we give it the chance.

Other problems faced, from hanging onto to old systems and remaining closed minded, and addressing them:

Mental Health Consequences;
Over time, the stress and strain caused by closed-mindedness can manifest as mental health issues, such as burnout, anxiety, and even depression. The inability to adapt to changing circumstances or consider new solutions can create a cycle of frustration and dissatisfaction, impacting overall well-being. Imagine feeling stuck or stressed because the way you’ve always done things gradually isn’t working anymore. Being open-minded can help lessen stress and be more adaptable to life’s challenges in the grander scheme of things.

Other factors why everyone’s mental health can suffer;
Consider someone who clings rigidly to their beliefs or routines, dismissing alternative perspectives. This closed-mindedness may reinforce traits like stubbornness or rigidity, which can strain relationships and create barriers to personal growth. Over time, these traits become ingrained, affecting not only professional interactions but also personal happiness.

Strained Relationships;
Refusing to consider others’ viewpoints can lead to conflicts, misunderstandings, and a lack of empathy. This strain on relationships can contribute to feelings of isolation, frustration, and unhappiness.

The cycle of harm: Impact on Self-perception;
Subconsciously, closed-mindedness can affect how individuals perceive themselves. They may see themselves as principled or decisive, but others may view them as inflexible or difficult to work with. This disconnect can lead to feelings of insecurity or defensiveness, further perpetuating negative patterns of behavior.

The paradox of closed-mindedness: How rigid beliefs can alienate even like-minded individuals;
Closed-mindedness isn’t just about rejecting new ideas; it can also push away even people who share similar beliefs within their own group. This happens because of unconscious habits and biases that block real connections and teamwork. People naturally join groups that think like them, which gives a sense of belonging. But closed-mindedness can still divide these groups by shutting out those with different ideas. This exclusion can cause bad feelings, even if people don’t say anything. Because, over time, its natural and inevitable that someone will have their own ideas that they think could help everyone. If they aren’t heard, it can lead to problems. Having different thoughts is part of being human and helps us adapt and grow. Throughout history, asking questions, challenging norms, and inventing new things have been key to human success. This openness leads to better technology, medicine, and ways to live together. So, be receptive to different thoughts is vital for being strong and improving in a world that’s always changing.

Unintended Exclusion;
Some people who are set in their ways may strongly enforce and conform to certain rules to follow, and expecting others to do the same – seeing any change as a threat to unity and identity. This mindset of exclusion can make others feel left out, even though they could bring valuable ideas and help make the group even stronger.

Closed/narrow-mindedness thrives on rigid beliefs, creating a cycle where individuals only validate their own views while dismissing others. Validating only their own views and blindly dismissing others can cause social divides as communication breaks down. Sometimes, people pretend to agree just to fit in, hiding their real thoughts and feelings, which can lead to resentment and mental health problems. These effects are widespread, leaving individuals feeling isolated even within supportive groups. Resisting new ideas stunts personal growth and learning. While conformity has its benefits, dismissing diverse perspectives without giving it a proper chance, can weaken support systems and hinder resilience. Avoiding different viewpoints stifles problem-solving and growth, leading to stagnation for all. Many people overlook these issues, but their negative impacts — such as compromised mental health and stalled social progress — are real, whether acknowledged or not.

Embracing unity through diversity; Valuing open dialogues;
Overcoming closed-mindedness requires valuing open dialogue and embracing diversity of thought among people. This inclusive approach fosters deeper connections, promotes critical thinking, and contributes a lot to strengthening both individual and collective resilience in the face of challenges.

By cultivating empathy and collaboration, individuals can bridge divides and build stronger, more cohesive communities. Embracing differences and being open to new ideas enriches collective experiences and enhances the capacity for mutual support and growth.

Closed-mindedness to conform is not just about maintaining cohesion, as it also creates paradoxes in which they can alienate even those who share similar beliefs or values. By challenging subconscious biases, embracing diversity of thought, and fostering inclusive dialogue, individuals can cultivate stronger connections and create communities that thrive on mutual respect and collaboration.

Instead of shutting down new ideas, try asking questions and exploring different viewpoints. Curiosity fuels learning and keeps our minds flexible. It’s like having a toolbox full of solutions instead of just one hammer.

Learning from mistakes;
Nobody’s perfect, and that’s okay! Open-minded people see mistakes as learning opportunities. When we’re open to new ideas, we’re more likely to find solutions that work, even if they’re different from what we’re used to.

Being open-minded isn’t about being edgy; it’s about being adaptable and resilient in a constantly changing world. Embracing new ideas and approaches helps us grow personally and contributes to a healthier, more cohesive humanity that continues to evolve positively. So, the next time you’re tempted to cling to old ways, consider: could there be a better way forward? Don’t let the illusion of success or shallow view of success, blind you to better possibilities. By recognizing and overcoming biases, you can unlock new opportunities for growth and improvement. Stay open, consider views, think, and watch as your willingness to embrace change leads to better outcomes in all areas of life for you and everyone else.